Water Control Valve

A water control valve is a type of valve that controls the flow and backflow of water in a pipe and transfers it from source to destination. These valves are designed to controlling water, regardless of its consistency and constituents. While typically these valves start and stop the flow as well as prevent the backflow; however, these valves do have advanced features and functionalities such as controlling the flow speed, capacity, and direction.

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At Cannon Water Technology, we offer various types of water control valves which work on auto mode and have all these advanced features. They are made of superior quality metals and alloys, such as brass, aluminum, stainless steel, and so on. This makes them resistant to corrosion and handle contaminated and semi-solid water. Our valves also work as water pressure regulators and have been used in applications to prevent water loss, streamline the supply and distribution, as well as control pressure and flow.

How Does a Water Control Valve Work?

The method of flow control depends on the application type. Valves may either have rotary or linear motion. The actual opening and closing motion as well as angular motion are performed by valve actuators. Linear motion based valves use a flexible diaphragm like component that moves in a linear manner to control or manage the water flow. This diaphragm or disc moves in a linear manner across or against a pipe opening as required.

On the other hand, rotational motion based valves use rotary, angular, or elliptical motion by rotating a shaft or disc across the diameter of the pipe orifice. Once the valve angle attains 90 degrees, the valve would be either completely open or close depending on the requirement. These valves work automatically to check the flow rate and ensure the maximum limit is not crossed. The valve remains completely open in case of normal pressure and low to medium flow rate of water, depending on preset values based on application requirements.

Industrial Applications of Water Control Valves

Water control valves play crucial roles in various applications across industries. Here's how they are utilized in each of the mentioned sectors.

  • Wastewater Treatment: Most wastewater treatment plants use water control valves to regulate the flow. These valves are employed in processes such as filtration, aeration, sedimentation, and disinfection. Gate, ball, and butterfly valves are widely used valve types based on specific requirements. 
  • Pharmaceutical:  Valves must meet stringent hygiene and cleanliness standards to ensure product purity and safety. Needle valves, globe valves, and sanitary diaphragm valves are widely employed in pharmaceutical processes. 
  • Food & Beverages: They are integral to food processing and beverage production facilities. They are used in applications such as flow control during mixing and blending, and temperature control in different production stages. These valves are made using high-quality materials such as stainless steel, to maintain sanitary conditions. 
  • Environmental: Control valves also play a crucial role in environmental monitoring and remediation activities such as water diversion, flood control, groundwater extraction, and so on. They help regulate water levels in dams, reservoirs, and drainage systems to mitigate environmental risks.
  • Chemicals: These valves control the water flow and other liquids used in different chemical reactions. They should be resistant to chemical degradation and corrosion, and constructed using materials such as CPVC, PVC, and certain grades of stainless steel. 
  • Oil & Gas: Different oil and gas production, refining, and distribution stages demand water control valves. They are used for cooling, cleaning, or chemical processes. Therefore, the valve must withstand extreme temperatures, high pressures, and corrosive environments of oil and gas operations. The valves used in this segment include globe, gate, and ball valves. 
  • Agriculture: Valves are critical in irrigation systems, controlling the flow of water to fields, crops, and greenhouses. They are commonly used in sprinkler systems, fertigation setups, and drip irrigation to manage water distribution efficiently. These valves must withstand exposure to corrosive substances and outdoor elements like pesticides and fertilizers.

Factor Considerations When Selecting Water Level Control Valves

Selecting water flow control valves requires attention to detail and considering other essential factors. These factors help in understanding their performance, efficiency, and safety. Here are some important factors.

  • Flow Rates and Pressure Ratings: This is one of the critical considerations when selecting control valves for water facilities or other process plants. Understand and measure the flow rates and pressure ranges as per the specific application requirement. Select the valves that can handle the conditions without causing pressure drops or flow restrictions.
  • Fluid Properties: Consider the properties of water or other fluids that are being controlled. These include viscosity, temperature, abrasiveness, and corrosiveness. Doing this helps select the right materials and valve designs that can withstand and function appropriately within a given environment.
  • Material Selection: This is critical to ensure performance, reliability, and longevity in various applications. The materials used in the valve construction are compatible with the fluid being controlled and resistant to erosion, corrosion, and any form of degradation. Stainless steel, brass, bronze, Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC), and Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) are popular materials used for control valves. 
  • Valve Type: Different types of valves are used today, each with different characteristics. Choosing the right valve type requires consideration of factors such as flow control precision, maintenance requirements, shut-off capabilities, and compatibility with the system. 
  • Size and Compatibility: Valves must be sized appropriately to match the equipment specifications to ensure proper fitment, compatibility, and flow dynamics with other components, including actuators, controllers, and piping fittings.
  • Operating Conditions: Operating conditions for valves encompass a range of factors that influence their performance and suitability for specific applications. This includes fluid pressure, temperature, flow rate, and environmental considerations. Understanding and accommodating these operating conditions are vital for selecting control valves for reliable and efficient functioning within diverse industrial and commercial settings. 
  • Regulatory Compliance: Compliance with industry standards, certifications, regulations, and legal requirements is essential. These regulations ensure water level control valve systems' quality, safety, and environmental responsibility across applications. Compliance may involve meeting standards such as those established by organizations like the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), National Sanitation Foundation (NSF), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 
  • Maintenance and Serviceability: Also, consider the maintenance requirements, accessibility for servicing, and availability of spare parts. This will help select valves that are easy to maintain and repair, reducing downtime and operational disruptions.
  • Cost Considerations: Balancing the parameters above with budget constraints is crucial. Although the initial purchase cost is a consideration, it's important to evaluate the total cost of ownership, including installation, maintenance, energy consumption, and lifecycle costs.

Water Control Valves Maintenance Guidelines

Although you may choose high-quality, performance-driven control valves, maintaining them helps ensure their reliable operation, extend their lifespan, prevent failures or costly downtimes, and so on. Here are some general water control valve maintenance guidelines.

  • Conduct a periodic inspection to understand any signs of wear, corrosion, leaks, or other damages. Also, check valve components such as seals, gaskets, stems, and actuators for any signs of deterioration or malfunction. 
  • Keep valve surroundings and components, including stems, seats, and seals, clean from debris, dirt, or contaminants. If not, this could impair their operation. Utilize appropriate cleaning methods and solvents compatible with the valve materials to remove buildup or deposits.
  • Use adequate lubricants to reduce friction and prevent premature wear. Consult the valve manufacturer for the best advice. Avoid over-lubrication, which can attract dirt and cause valve malfunction.
  • Determine the condition of valve seals. If they show signs of damage, wear, or deterioration, immediately replace them. Make sure the seals are tight to prevent leaks and maintain valve integrity.
  • Check the operation of valves by opening and closing them. This will ensure their function status. Verify valves are fully closed to prevent leakage and open to allow unrestricted flow as intended.
  • Monitor pressure and temperature conditions within the system to ensure valves operate within their specified limits. Adjust valve settings or replace valves with higher-rated models if operating conditions exceed the valve's capabilities. 
  • Apply corrosion prevention measures when valves are used in harsh weather conditions. These measures include applying protective coatings or installing sacrificial anodes. Monitor corrosion levels and promptly address any signs of corrosion to prevent structural damage to valves. 
  • Train personnel for valve maintenance on proper inspection, lubrication, and repair procedures. Keep detailed records of valve maintenance activities, including repairs performed, inspection dates, replacement parts used, and any observed issues. 
  • Develop contingency plans and procedures for responding to valve failures or emergencies. To minimize downtime and mitigate potential hazards, keep spare parts, tools, and equipment readily available for emergency repairs.

Beneficial Features of Water Control Valves at Cannon Water

There are many benefits of these control valves and especially when you source them from us. Here are some of them.

  • They have a robust design and advanced features and functionalities which makes them user-friendly.
  • These valves are made or sturdy metals or alloys such as stainless steel, aluminum, and so on, and hence can withstand harsh industrial environments, corrosive and abrasive substances, and so on.
  • Our water flow control valves are proven to minimize the risk of damage due to pipe bursts and water hammer.
  • These water pressure regulator valves have helped curb the instances of leakage and minimize the risk of contamination in facilities, where they have been used for several years.
  • These water flow control valves are known to offer immense savings for customers.

Our water pressure regulator valves contribute to efficient water supply and distribution by avoiding any water loss and wastage, and have helped several companies save costs as well. If you are looking for good quality water control valves for your industrial process, you can partner with us and we’ll ensure you will get the right valves which match your specifications. At Cannon Water Technology, we offer a huge collection of relief valves in various types and configurations. In case you are interested in any of our water control valves, we can offer you a quote once we receive your requirements. For any further enquiries or questions you may have about our valves, you can reach us via phone or email.

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers on Water Control Valves

Here are some commonly asked questions about water control valves by our prospective clients.

  • What Types of Water Control Valves are Commonly Used in Industrial Applications?

Gate valves, diaphragm valves, globe valves, ball valves, butterfly valves, and needle valves are the most commonly used water control valves. The selection of these valves depends on factors such as flow rate, temperature, and specific application requirements.

  • What Practices are Used to Prevent Water Control Valve Leaks?

Ensure proper installation, periodic inspection, and maintenance of valve components to prevent leaks. Monitor temperature and pressure conditions within the system and address any signs of damage or deterioration. 

  • How Frequently Should Water Control Valves be Inspected and Serviced? 

The frequency of inspection and servicing of these valves depends on the type of valve used, operating conditions, industry standards, and manufacturer's recommendations. These valves should be inspected and serviced at specific intervals, monthly, annually, or as per a predetermined maintenance schedule. 

  • What are Some Common Problems Encountered with Water Control Valves?

Leaks, improper operation, valve sticking or binding, erosion, corrosion, cavitation, and wear of valve components are some common problems associated with valves. Periodic inspection and maintenance help identify these issues before they create major problems. 

  • How Can I Troubleshoot Water Control Valve Issues?

Be it a small or big issue, identifying the root cause is essential. This can be done through visual inspection, checking for leaks or damage, testing valve operation, and temperature conditions. Also, consult the manufacturer’s guidelines or technical support for troubleshooting. 

  • Are There Any Safety Considerations When Working with Water Control Valves?

Working with water control valves requires careful attention to safety protocols and adherence to relevant regulations and standards to ensure the protection of personnel, equipment, and the environment. Safety considerations include using appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), proper isolation and depressurization of the system before maintenance, and avoiding over-tightening valve components.

  • Can Water Control Valves be Automated for Remote Operation and Monitoring?

It is possible to automate these valves using controllers, actuators, and sensors for remote operation, monitoring, and control. Valve automation enhances precision, efficiency, and responsiveness in controlling water flow in various industrial processes.